People of all ages can be affected by eye health issues. However, these become more common as we grow older. Changes in the eyes typically make individuals with once-perfect vision to require eyeglasses to be able to engage in certain activities they had no issues with previously. Presbyopia, glaucoma and cataract are some of the common eye issues that affect those above 40 years of age more. While reading glasses may help in some cases, many people feel somewhat inhibited using them. There are certain eye procedures, however, which may help you say goodbye to the use of eyeglasses.
Changes to the eye are normal as years pass. Some of these can be seen by others, while you are the only one that can detect others. Those that can be noticed by everyone are mainly changes to the white part of the eyes called sclera, including pigment splotches and discoloration (yellowing or browning). However, visual acuity issues – which are more serious – can only be detected by the person affected.
Eye muscles, which are used to control the size of the pupils, lose their strength with age. This causes the pupils to become smaller and results in poor adaption to lighting. The ability of the eyes to achieve clear focus on nearby objects is thus hindered – this is what is described as presbyopia. This is because the lens becomes unable to thicken or be flexible enough to allow proper focusing. Flexibility of the lens is highly essential to enable the eye easily alter focus from far to near objects. The loss of flexibility worsens over time and so does vision loss.
Age-related vision loss does not happen suddenly. It happens in a gradual manner. Some warning signs will first be presented. These include increased numbers of eye floaters, flashes, fluctuating vision, eyelid problems (such as swelling), tearing and loss of side vision. You should take step to seek medical advice if you are experiencing any of these. Conditions such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and retinal detachment are more likely to occur in instances where prompt or effective action is not taken to halt progressive vision loss.
Eye problems have become more bothersome these days and they are largely attributable to lifestyle choices. More than 22 million adults in the United States aged 18 and over reported having vision loss, according to the 2014 National Health Interview Survey report. Many people wear glasses in America, but it is hard to have a clear estimate of those that do so for vision correction purposes. However, the Vision Council of America estimates about 75 percent of adults in the country use some form of vision correction – mainly eyeglasses and contact lenses. It is also estimated that around 25 percent of those requiring glasses to see distant objects will at a later date need either reading glasses or bifocals. People with perfect vision sometimes require glasses for vision correction starting from their 40s. The need for eye aids is greater in the middle age and beyond.
There are certain factors that may predispose a person to vision loss or increase the rate. Chronic systemic conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes raise the likelihood of vision problems. If some persons in your family have suffered from macular degeneration or glaucoma, there is possible risk of you suffering same at some point. There is also potential for vision issues if you do near-work, such as working on a computer, most of the time.
Reading glasses have for a long time been the first remedy to vision loss issues. Eyeglasses were virtually the only means of correcting refractive errors for several centuries until the advent of contact lenses in the 20th Century. But now, many users wish they could find a way to get rid of their reading glasses. Luckily for such individuals, there are a number of options or procedures that may help in this regard. These have evolved at a very rapid rate in the last couple of decades or so, with some losing relevance along the way. Here are some options currently being employed for remedying vision loss that sets in with age:
If interested in checking out any of these procedures, it is important to note that the cost of these usually runs into thousands of dollars. For example, the cost of LASIK eye surgery can range from $1000 to $3000 and higher. The cost of conductive keratoplasty also falls within this range. A variety of factors will come into play in determining how much you eventually have to pay. These include your location, extent of vision loss, your surgeon's skill and reputation, and technology to be used. When given any quote, it is advisable to request to know what is covered by such and what is not.
It is relevant that you should also be aware that these procedures do come with one risk or the other. Sensitivity to bright light, blurriness, fluctuating vision and seeing glare or halos around images are among possible complications, which may only be temporary. Dry eyes, slipped corneal flap, subconjunctival hemorrhage, cornea scarring and retinal detachment are also possible risks. In worst case scenario, vision loss may occur due to infection.
While vision loss due to aging might appear inevitable, there are some things that can help slow the process and possibly reverse it. Here are a few tips you can use to this end.
This is very likely not the first time you have been told to eat healthy. It is for a good reason. The foods we eat play very vital roles in the state of our overall health, including that of the eyes. Wrong food choices will react negatively on a person's level of wellness. For instance, a diet rich in refined sugar and saturated fat raises the risk of age-related vision loss. You should instead eat more of whole grains and cereals which are rich in fibers and help reduce the rate of sugar absorption. For your protein needs, fish, eggs, nuts, lean meats and legumes are some of the recommended healthy sources.
Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as fish, walnut and flaxseed oil are good for eye health. They can help to prevent dry eyes and cataract. Fruits and green vegetables cannot be left out in any health diet. These are filled with antioxidants which help to prevent or lessen the extent of damage caused to the eyes by free radicals. Sodium intake should also be reduced as it can elevate the risk of certain eye conditions such as cataract.
In some cases, people are not able to get adequate essential nutrients for eye health from their foods. It, therefore, becomes vital to seek alternative sources. This is where the use of supplements helps. Two Age-Related Eye Disease Studies carried out by the National Eye Institute have demonstrated how supplements can help address vision loss problems among adults. It was observed in the first of the studies that a supplement containing vitamins C and E, beta carotene and zinc helped to reduce the risk of advanced AMD by 25 percent among adults aged between 55 and 80 who participated.
In the follow-up study, the researchers eliminated beta carotene from the initial formulation and reduced the amount of zinc. Similar results were observed when lutein and zeaxanthin were added to the preparation. Lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids which prevent oxidative changes on the retina arising from exposure to ultraviolet light. It is recommended that ideal supplements for eye health should contain vitamins C, E and B complex, folic acid, zinc, copper and omega-3 fatty acids.
Exercise is good for overall wellbeing - it benefits the eye as well. There are also some special exercises for the eye. These have not been proven to reverse eye damage, but may help deal with eye strain resulting from near work. They help to work up the eye muscles to ensure proper focusing ability. You should also make it a habit to regularly wear sunglasses when going out on sunny days for protection from harmful ultra-violet rays from the sun.
Human growth hormone (HGH) is a multifunctional substance produced by the pituitary gland. It assists with several important processes in the body. Its decline as people get older has been associated to some age-related vision challenges such as macular degeneration. Vision loss is said to be the result of the inability of the papillary muscles to work properly, thus interfering with the pupils' dilation capability. Given its benefits of enhancing muscle strength, HGH is believed to be potentially beneficial to the papillary muscles thereby helping to improve vision.
Another way growth hormone may be helpful to AMD sufferers is in terms of its cell regeneration capability. The loss of vision experienced as a result of this condition is caused by degeneration of retina cells. The idea is that it might help to create new cells. It follows then that boosting HGH in the body to healthy levels can help you get rid of reading glasses. However, you should note that synthetic HGH is not approved for this use; it is available only on prescription, and it is expensive. This means you will have to make do with a natural HGH releaser like genf20 Plus, except if you intend getting recombinant growth hormone from unregulated sources. The releasers contain ingredients that cause the pituitary gland to produce more growth hormone.
It is possible to eliminate the use of reading glasses, even as an older adult. There are diverse vision procedures to explore in achieving this, although these treatment options could be rather costly. Healthy diet, use of supplements and exercise are helpful means by which you can prevent or delay vision loss. Whatever you decide to do, the advice of your doctor will be useful. Regular eye examinations can help detect issues early enough to allow appropriate action to be taken when it is more beneficial.
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